John Gu
More ideas from John
The Manchu Hairstyle - When the Shunzhi Emperor first conquered China in 1644 and established Qing rule in China, he decreed that all Chinese men should wear their hair in the Manchu style to show their obedience to their new rulers. They shaved the front of their head and wore a long braid at the back called a ‘queue’.
Qing Fashion - The new Qing rulers established a dress code for the imperial court as a way of distinguishing the ruling elite and government from the general population.
Foot Binding - Foot binding was a widespread practice in China during the Qing Dynasty that affected millions of girls and women across the social classes. Both men and women saw small feet as a sign of beauty, and many families looked for bound feet when arranging marriages between their children. The women, however, paid a high price for this beauty – foot binding had crippling results.
Women - Women in Chinese society occupied a much lower position than men. Because they could not inherit property they depended on their fathers or husbands for their livelihood. A virtuous woman was expected to be loyal and obedient to her father or husband.
Extended Families - Typically, Chinese extended families lived together in the same home. Confucian tradition stated that the ideal situation was for five generations to live together under the same roof.
Confucianism - The main belief system in China during the Qing Dynasty was Confucianism. Confucius was a philosopher and teacher who lived from 551 to 479 BCE in eastern China. He argued that people should live virtuous lives.
Technology - Most Chinese used simple technology in their day - to - day lives. Spinning wheels or hand spindles for making silk or cotton thread, farming tools such as ploughs, and carts for transporting goods, were all common.
An Agricultural Society - Only around six per cent of the population lived in cities with more than 50,000 people. The rest of the population lived on the land or in small villages or towns. Most people were peasants who farmed the land.
The Art of War - The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise attributed to Sun Tzu, a high - ranking military general, strategist and tactician.
Chinese Porcelain - Until the late 18th century, porcelain was one of China’s most important exports. European kings and nobles ordered their own heraldic shields or house mottos to be painted onto Chinese vases and plates. Chinese ceramics were so highly regarded that ‘China’ actually became the English word for porcelain.