John "Jack" Simpson Kirkpatrick (centre of picture) who served under the name John Simpson, was a stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) during the Gallipoli Campaign. After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, he obtained a donkey and began carrying wounded soldiers from the frontline to the beach, for evacuation. He did this for three and a half weeks, often under fire, until he was killed. Simpson and his Donkey are a key part of the "Anzac legend".
ANZAC: Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. On the 25th April, Australia and New Zealand celebrate the first major battle fought by Australian and New Zealand soldiers at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War 1. It is a day to remember the courage of the soldiers in this battle and the courage and sacrifice of all men and women who have served their country in times of war. April 25, 1915
Peter Corlett's sculpture Simpson and his donkey, 1915. The Memorial opened its Sculpture Garden in January 1999. Throughout the grounds are major commemorative works, including sculptures such as Simpson and his donkey, Australian serviceman, and Sir Edward "Weary" Dunlop, a work commemorating the medical staff who came to the aid of Australian prisoners of war in the Pacific in the Second World War.